(IPC) International Peace Conference

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(IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  New Tarajan on Fri Dec 06, 2013 4:17 am

INTERNATIONAL PEACE CONFERENCE (INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION COURT)


Honourable Members of the World Alliance,
the governments of the Federal Aristocratic Kingdom of New Tarajan and of the Republic of Havenburgh believe that, after seing so many conflicts divide, militarily or politically, our Region, now it is the right hour to choose a new path. This is the goal of the International Peace Conference.
The first goal of this Conference is to create an International Arbitration Court. However, after this, every State willing to participate can submite further Treaties, Agreements or Conventions aimed to help boost peace in the regon, in the respect of the World Alliance Constitution and its Governmental Institutions and the existing Organizations.
We hope to see a great participation.


The Royal Estate of Vienskel, seat of the Conference and of the International Arbitration Court.

We warmly invite every country to join. Every proposal will be discussed and approved with the majority of the Members which decide to vote in a week.


Member States:
Kingdom of New Tarajan
Republic of Havenburgh
Federation of Antanares
United States of Europe
Imperial Union of Aloia
Empire of Ireland
State of Shirouma
Commonwealth of Husqvarnia
Empire of Great Eurussia
Commonwealth of Europe and Asia
Federation of Freedom Planita
Kingdom of Atletius

Organizations:
SECURS


Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes and Statute of the International Arbitration Court:


CONVENTION FOR THE PACIFIC SETTLEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES


Animated by a strong desire to concert for the maintenance of the general peace;

Resolved to second by their best efforts the friendly settlement of international disputes;

Recognizing the solidarity which unites the members of the society of civilized nations;

Desirous of extending the empire of law, and of strengthening the appreciation of international justice;

Convinced that the permanent institution of a Court of Arbitration, accessible to all, in the midst of the independent Powers, will contribute effectively to this result;

Having regard to the advantages attending the general and regular organization of arbitral procedure;

Sharing the opinion of the august Initiator of this initiative that it is expedient to record in an international Agreement the principles of equity and right on which are based the security of States and the welfare of peoples;


TITLE I. ON THE MAINTENANCE OF THE GENERAL PEACE

Article 1
With a view to obviating, as far as possible, recourse to force in the relations between States, the Signatory Powers agree to use their best efforts to insure the pacific settlement of international differences.

TITLE II. ON GOOD OFFICES AND MEDIATION

Article 2
In case of serious disagreement or conflict, before an appeal to arms, the Signatory Powers agree to have recourse, as far as circumstances allow, to the good offices or mediation of one or more friendly Powers.

Article 3
Independently of this recourse, the Signatory Powers recommend that one or more Powers, strangers to the dispute, should, on their own initiative, and as far as circumstances may allow, offer their good offices or mediation to the States at variance.
Powers, strangers to the dispute, have the right to offer good offices or mediation, even during the course of hostilities.
The exercise of this right can never be regarded by one or the other of the parties in conflict as an unfriendly act.

Article 4
The part of the mediator consists in reconciling the opposing claims and appeasing the feelings of resentment which may have arisen between the States at variance.

Article 5
The functions of the mediator are at an end when once it is declared, either by one of the parties to the dispute, or by the mediator himself, that the means of reconciliation proposed by him are not accepted.

Article 6
Good offices and mediation, either at the request of the parties at variance, or on the initiative of Powers strangers to the dispute, have exclusively the character of advice and never have binding force.

Article 7
The acceptance of mediation can not, unless there be an agreement to the contrary, have the effect of interrupting, delaying, or hindering mobilization or other measures of preparation for war.
If mediation, occurs after the commencement of hostilities it causes no interruption to the military operations in progress, unless there be an agreement to the contrary.

Article 8
The Signatory Powers are agreed in recommending the application, when circumstances allow, of special mediation in the following form:
In case of a serious difference endangering the peace, the States at variance choose respectively a Power, to whom they intrust the mission of entering into direct communication with the Power chosen on the other side, with the object of preventing the rupture of pacific relations.
For the period of this mandate, the term of which, unless otherwise stipulated, cannot exceed thirty days, the States in conflict cease from all direct communication on the subject of the dispute, which is regarded as referred exclusively to the mediating Powers, who must use their best efforts to settle it.
In case of a definite rupture of pacific relations, these Powers are charged with the joint task of taking advantage of any opportunity to restore peace.

TITLE III. ON INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS OF INQUIRY

Article 9
In differences of an international nature involving neither honor nor vital interests, and arising from a difference of opinion on points of fact, the Signatory Powers recommend that the parties, who have not been able to come to an agreement by means of diplomacy, should as far as circumstances allow, institute an International Commission of Inquiry, to facilitate a solution of these differences by elucidating the facts by means of an impartial and conscientious investigation.

Article 10
The International Commissions of Inquiry are constituted by special agreement between the parties in conflict.
The Convention for an inquiry defines the facts to be examined and the extent of the Commissioners' powers.
It settles the procedure.
On the inquiry both sides must be heard.
The form and the periods to be observed, if not stated in the inquiry Convention, are decided by the Commission itself.

Article 11
The International Commissions of Inquiry are formed, unless otherwise stipulated, in the manner fixed by Article 32 of the present convention.

Article 12
The powers in dispute engage to supply the International Commission of Inquiry, as fully as they may think possible, with all means and facilities necessary to enable it to be completely acquainted with and to accurately understand the facts in question.

Article 13
The International Commission of Inquiry communicates its Report to the conflicting Powers, signed by all the members of the Commission.

Article 14
The report of the International Commission of Inquiry is limited to a statement of facts, and has in no way the character of an Arbitral Award. It leaves the conflicting Powers entire freedom as to the effect to be given to this statement.

TITLE IV. ON INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION

CHAPTER I. On the System of Arbitration

Article 15
International arbitration has for its object the settlement of differences between States by judges of their own choice, and on the basis of respect for law.

Article 16
In questions of a legal nature, and especially in the interpretation or application of International Conventions, arbitration is recognized by the Signatory Powers as the most effective, and at the same time the most equitable, means of settling disputes which diplomacy has failed to settle.

Article 17
The Arbitration Convention is concluded for questions already existing or for questions which may arise eventually.
It may embrace any dispute or only disputes of a certain category.

Article 18
The Arbitration Convention implies the engagement to submit loyally to the Award.

Article 19
Independently of general or private Treaties expressly stipulating recourse to arbitration as obligatory on the Signatory Powers, these Powers reserve to themselves the right of concluding, either before the ratification of the present Act or later, new Agreements, general or private, with a view to extending obligatory arbitration to all cases which they may consider it possible to submit to it.

CHAPTER II. On the Permanent Court of Arbitration

Article 20
With the object of facilitating an immediate recourse to arbitration for international differences, which it has not been possible to settle by diplomacy, the Signatory Powers undertake to organize a permanent Court of Arbitration, accessible at all times and operating, unless otherwise stipulated by the parties, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure inserted in the present Convention.

Article 21
The Permanent Court shall be competent for all arbitration cases, unless the parties agree to institute a special Tribunal.

Article 22
When the Signatory Powers desire to have recourse to the Permanent Court for the settlement of a difference that has arisen between them, the Arbitrators called upon to form the competent Tribunal to decide this difference, must be chosen from the general list of members of the Court.
Failing the direct agreement of the parties on the composition of the Arbitration Tribunal, the following course shall be pursued:
Each party appoints one Arbitrator, and the Arbitrators together choose an Umpire.
If the votes are equal, the choice of the Umpire is entrusted to a third Power, selected by the parties by common accord.
If an agreement is not arrived at on this subject, each party selects a different Power, and the choice of the Umpire is made in concert by the Powers thus selected.
The Tribunal being thus composed, the parties notify to the Bureau their determination to have recourse to the Court and the names of the Arbitrators.
The Tribunal of Arbitration assembles on the date fixed by the parties.
The Members of the Court, in the discharge of their duties and out of their own country, enjoy diplomatic privileges and immunities.

Article 23
The Tribunal of Arbitration has its ordinary seat at Vieneskel.
Except in cases of necessity, the place of session can only be altered by the Tribunal with the assent of the parties.

Article 24
The jurisdiction of the Permanent Court, may, within the conditions laid down in the Regulations, be extended to disputes between non-Signatory Powers, or between Signatory Powers and non-Signatory Powers, if the parties are agreed on recourse to this Tribunal.

Article 25
The Signatory Powers consider it their duty, if a serious dispute threatens to break out between two or more of them, to remind these latter that the Permanent Court is open to them.
Consequently, they declare that the fact of reminding the conflicting parties of the provisions of the present Convention, and the advice given to them, in the highest interests of peace, to have recourse to the Permanent Court, can only be regarded as friendly actions.

CHAPTER III. On Arbitral Procedure

Article 26
With a view to encourage the development of arbitration, the Signatory Powers have agreed on the following Rules which shall be applicable to arbitral procedure, unless other rules have been agreed on by the parties.

Article 27
The Powers who have recourse to arbitration will notify to the Court about their decision to call for its judgement, specifying the nature and the causes of the disputes with two separate joint statements.

Article 28
The duties of Arbitrator may be conferred on one Arbitrator alone or on several Arbitrators selected by the parties as they please, or chosen by them from the members of the permanent Court of Arbitration established by the present Act.
Failing the constitution of the Tribunal by direct agreement between the parties, the following course shall be pursued:
Each party appoints one arbitrator, and these latter together choose an Umpire.
In case of equal voting, the choice of the Umpire is instructed to a third Power, selected by the parties by common accord.
If no agreement is arrived at on this subject, each party selects a different Power, and the choice of the Umpire is made in concert by the Powers thus selected.

Article 29
The Umpire is by right President of the Tribunal.
When the Tribunal does not include an Umpire it appoints its own President.

Article 30
The Tribunal's place of session is in Vieneskel. The place thus fixed cannot, except in case of necessity, be changed by the Tribunal without the assent of the parties.

Article 31
The parties have the right to appoint delegates or special agents to attend the Tribunal, for the purpose of serving as intermediaries between them and the Tribunal.
They are further authorized to retain, for the defense of their rights and interests before the Tribunal, counsel or advocates appointed by them for this purpose.

Article 32
As a general rule the arbitral procedure comprises two distinct phases: preliminary examination and discussion.
Preliminary examination consists in the communication by the respective agents to the members of the Tribunal and to the opposite party of all printed or written Acts and of all documents containing the arguments invoked in the case. This communication shall be made in the form and within the periods fixed by the Tribunal in accordance with Article 49.
Discussion consists in the oral development before the Tribunal of the arguments of the parties.

Article 33
Every document produced by one party must be communicated to the other party.

Article 34
The discussions are under the direction of the President.
They are only public if it be so decided by the Tribunal, with the assent of the parties.

Article 35
When the preliminary examination is concluded, the Tribunal has the right to refuse discussion of all fresh Acts or documents which one party may desire to submit to it without the consent of the other party.

Article 36
The Tribunal is free to take into consideration fresh Acts or documents to which its attention may be drawn by the agents or counsel of the parties.
In this case, the Tribunal has the right to require the production of these Acts or documents, but is obliged to make them known to the opposite party.

Article 37
The Tribunal can, besides, require from the agents of the parties the production of all Acts, and can demand all necessary explanations. In case of refusal, the Tribunal takes note of it.

Article 38
The agents and counsel of the parties are authorized to present orally to the Tribunal all the arguments they may think expedient in defence of their case.

Article 39
They have the right to raise objections and points. The decisions of the Tribunal on those points are final, and can not form the subject of any subsequent discussion.

Article 40
The members of the Tribunal have the right to put questions to the agents and counsel of the parties, and to demand explanations from them on doubtful points.
Neither the questions put nor the remarks made by members of the Tribunal during the discussions can be regarded as an expression of opinion by the Tribunal in general, or by its members in particular.

Article 41
The Tribunal is authorized to declare its competence in interpreting the compromise as well as the other Treaties which may be invoked in the case, and in applying the principles of international law.

Article 42
The Tribunal has the right to issue Rules of Procedure for the conduct of the case, to decide the forms and periods within which each party must conclude its arguments, and to arrange all the formalities required for dealing with the evidence.

Article 43
When the agents and counsel of the parties have submitted all explanations and evidence in support of their case, the President pronounces the discussion closed.

Article 44
The deliberations of the Tribunal take place in private. Every decision is taken by a majority of members of the Tribunal.
The refusal of a member to vote must be recorded.

Article 45
The award, given by a majority of votes, is accompanied by a statement of reasons. It is drawn up in writing.
Those members who are in the minority may record their dissent in the written form.

Article 46
The award, duly pronounced and notified to the agents of the parties at variance, puts an end to the dispute definitively and without appeal.

Article 47
The parties can reserve in the compromise the right to demand the revision of the award.
In this case, and unless there be an agreement to the contrary, the demand must be addressed to the Tribunal which pronounced the award. It can only be made on the ground of the discovery of some new fact calculated to exercise a decisive influence on the award, and which, at the time the discussion was closed, was unknown to the Tribunal and to the party demanding the revision.
Proceedings for revision can only be instituted by a decision of the Tribunal expressly recording the existence of the new fact, recognizing in it the character described in the foregoing paragraph, and declaring the demand admissible on this ground.
The compromise fixes the period within which the demand for revision must be made.

Article 48
The award is only binding on the parties who concluded the compromise.
When there is a question of interpreting a Convention to which Powers other than those concerned in the dispute are parties, the latter notify to the former the compromise they have concluded. Each of these Powers has the right to intervene in the case. If one or more of them avail themselves of this right, the interpretation contained in the award is equally binding on them.

Article 49
The present Convention shall be ratified as speedily as possible.
The ratifications shall be deposited at Astana.

Article 50
In the event of one of the High Contracting Parties denouncing the present Convention, this denunciation would not take effect until a year after its notification made in writing to the Netherlands Government, and by it communicated at once to all the other Contracting Powers.
This denunciation shall only affect the notifying Power.


In faith of which the Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Convention and affixed their seals to it.


Last edited by New Tarajan on Wed Apr 09, 2014 2:58 am; edited 11 times in total
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Eurussian Position

Post  Great Eurussia on Fri Dec 06, 2013 4:27 am


OOC: The creation of an International Court of Arbitration is an extreme violation of the WA Constitution which specifically says that it is the SOLE judicial organ in the World Alliance. Clearly whether RP or OOC.
Just read ARTICLE 7 OF THE WA CONSTITUTION.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  New Tarajan on Fri Dec 06, 2013 4:36 am

OOC: This is NOT a judicial organ and it has NO LINK with the WA government. Its only aim is to provide the peaceful settlements of disputes with the free choice of mediators between the members of the Court. It is a completely different thing from a tribunal.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Guest on Fri Dec 06, 2013 4:38 am

New Tarajan wrote:OOC: This is NOT a judicial organ and it has NO LINK with the WA government. Its only aim is to provide the peaceful settlements of disputes with the free choice of mediators between the members of the Court. It is a completely different thing from a tribunal.
k


Last edited by Stirva on Fri Dec 06, 2013 4:57 am; edited 1 time in total

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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Federation of Antanares on Fri Dec 06, 2013 4:49 am

Antanares would have the pleasure to join.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  New Tarajan on Fri Dec 06, 2013 4:50 am

Federation of Antanares wrote:Antanares would have the pleasure to join.
Welcome on board!
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Guest on Fri Dec 06, 2013 4:56 am

Screw it! Stirva applies for membership.

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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  United States of Europe on Fri Dec 06, 2013 5:20 am

Europe would have the pleasure to join.
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Eurussian Opinion

Post  Great Eurussia on Fri Dec 06, 2013 5:21 am

New Tarajan wrote:OOC: This is NOT a judicial organ and it has NO LINK with the WA government. Its only aim is to provide the peaceful settlements of disputes with the free choice of mediators between the members of the Court. It is a completely different thing from a tribunal.
OOC: Good you clarified because the name implies!
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  New Tarajan on Fri Dec 06, 2013 5:27 am

Great Eurussia wrote:
New Tarajan wrote:OOC: This is NOT a judicial organ and it has NO LINK with the WA government. Its only aim is to provide the peaceful settlements of disputes with the free choice of mediators between the members of the Court. It is a completely different thing from a tribunal.
OOC: Good you clarified because the name implies!
OOC: Yes I know...it happened also during my exam of International Law XD I would have to specify in the introduction.

To all new people applying, thank you for joining...and, obviously welcome on board!
The Tarajani government would like to officially invite also the Empire of Great Eurussia to join.
About Stirva, if you are sure to want to join, and if you are ready to comply with the goals of the Conference, welcome to you too!
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Guest on Fri Dec 06, 2013 5:37 am

New Tarajan wrote:
Great Eurussia wrote:
New Tarajan wrote:OOC: This is NOT a judicial organ and it has NO LINK with the WA government. Its only aim is to provide the peaceful settlements of disputes with the free choice of mediators between the members of the Court. It is a completely different thing from a tribunal.
OOC: Good you clarified because the name implies!
OOC: Yes I know...it happened also during my exam of International Law XD I would have to specify in the introduction.

To all new people applying, thank you for joining...and, obviously welcome on board!
The Tarajani government would like to officially invite also the Empire of Great Eurussia to join.
About Stirva, if you are sure to want to join, and if you are ready to comply with the goals of the Conference, welcome to you too!
We don't want tourists thinking badly about us.. But we will avoid serious conflicts from now on.

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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Aloia on Sat Dec 07, 2013 1:11 pm

Aloia would like to join!
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Ireland on Sat Dec 07, 2013 1:18 pm

I would like to join
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Farshonian Empire on Sat Dec 07, 2013 4:32 pm

Farshonia applies for membership.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  New Tarajan on Sat Dec 07, 2013 7:58 pm

To all of you, welcome on board!

I would like to remember that this Conference will work simply by analyzing the proposals of Member States, and eventually approving them in the form of legally-binding documents.
(For the Court of Arbitration, its way to work is obvious)
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Farshonian Empire on Sat Dec 07, 2013 8:34 pm

Stirva was banned in WA.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  New Tarajan on Sat Dec 07, 2013 9:02 pm

Yes, I know. I'm correcting the list right now. Thank you for the reminding.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Shirouma on Sat Dec 07, 2013 10:56 pm

Shirouma is willing to join.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  New Tarajan on Sat Dec 07, 2013 11:38 pm

New Tarajan was waiting for the application to join from one of our best allies!
Welcome on board!
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Husqvarnia on Sun Dec 08, 2013 10:11 am

Husqvarnia wishes to join.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  New Tarajan on Sun Dec 08, 2013 8:20 pm

Welcome on board!
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Eurussian Membership

Post  Great Eurussia on Mon Feb 03, 2014 6:36 pm

Eurussia is interested to join the International Peace Conference.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  New Tarajan on Tue Feb 11, 2014 7:15 pm

Great Eurussia wrote:Eurussia is interested to join the International Peace Conference.

Sorry for the delay in the answer, but, anyway, welcome in the IPC!
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Europe and Asia on Tue Feb 11, 2014 7:47 pm

Eurasia applies for membership.
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Re: (IPC) International Peace Conference

Post  Planitan Commonwealth on Wed Feb 12, 2014 12:37 am

I would like to join!
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